Types of puppets

Puppets are special. The puppet

Types of puppets

Glove: The hand is placed inside the puppet's dress, almost like a glove. Depending on the manipulation there are different types:
  • French doll or puppet: With the index finger the head is held, with the big finger one hand and with the rest, the other hand of the puppet.

Fig. 25

  • Putxinelli or traditional Catalan puppet:
    For a long time, in Catalonia, a modality was used
    particular of this puppet, whose head was held up with three fingers a
    the time (index, heart, ring). And the other two fingers (little and big),
    they were used to move the puppet's arms. Formerly these puppets
    they were made of carved wood, like small sculptures and weighed a lot.

Fig. 26

  • Punch or English puppet: The head is held with the index finger and both hands of the puppet with the ring and big fingers.

Fig. 27

Said: Small glove puppet, which is put on a single finger where the body has only one movement.
Fig. 28

Fig. 29

Fig. 30

Fig. 31

muppets: It is a simplification of the glove puppet, the whole hand is shod in the doll's head, which opens and closes the mouth.

Fig. 32

marota
and from Tija: It is a manipulated puppet with a single central stem. And the hand
of the manipulator can be the hand of the puppet. Sometimes the hands of the
puppet have two stems.

Fig. 33

Fig. 34

Puppet
of thread or marionette: It consists of an articulated doll, which is manipulated
above, by means of threads that go to a wooden cross who has the manipulator in his hand.
Fig. 35
bunraku: This one
it is a Japanese technique; the doll is two-thirds the size of
the man, and manipulated by three people: the teacher (20 years of studies),
who manipulates the head and the right hand, and the assistants (10 years of studies)
which manipulate the left arm and legs. Accompanied by a musician who
recite the text There are also adaptations for a single manipulator.

Fig. 36

Shadows:
They are flat figures, armed on a stem, sometimes articulated, which
placed behind a screen and with a spotlight it transforms
in shadow theatre. When they apply, in addition to the hands, we speak
of Chinese shadows.
Fig. 37

Big Heads:
Although they are usually used for parades and parties
street, they can be used in a performance as another puppet. The
body of the manipulator is placed inside the puppet.


Fig. 38
animatronics: Remotely manipulated puppets, sometimes controlled by computer and sometimes with electronic cables.

Automata: They are puppets that are operated by mechanical elements. You don't always need the manipulator for them to wiggle. 

Ventriloquist puppets: Ventriloquism,
the art of throwing the voice, that is to say, that whoever speaks does so in such a way
that the sound seems to come from a distance or from a different source than what
is talking Normally, the ventriloquist – keeps his lips tightly together,
almost without moving them – use a puppet to keep the attention of the
audience and increase the illusion that the character is the one speaking.
When not using the puppet, the ventriloquist uses some object that,
usually waves, to attract our attention while he speaks and
manages to give the illusion it wants.

Based on
These main techniques can be used to create mixed puppets. For
example, a glove puppet whose arm is manipulated with a stem, etc

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