Pau goes to the market

Puppets are special. Pedagogical suitcase

Pau goes to the market

story by Cristina Bertrán

Level: Initial Primary Cycle
Disorder: Down syndrome
Technique: Table puppets

With this activity and its comprehensive methodology, meaningful and functional learning is encouraged. A series of very important skills are also reinforced in the development of the student with Down syndrome, such as:

  • Communication and language skills. It is not a matter of teaching grammar, but rather that the sentences are in a functional context that serves him to communicate.
  • Interpersonal and social skills. Ability to maintain relationships with others.
  • Personal skills in relation to one's own autonomy. Of a more psychological nature: ability to act, to make decisions, to work alone (with verbal support or not), to imagine yourself capable of fending for yourself.
  • Adaptive skills in relation to social autonomy linked to the person's active participation in their environment.

The work of these capacities ensures us higher levels of generalization in other contexts. The technique used with the puppets is that of the table. Puppets that are manipulated on the table and held directly with the hands. This technique allows you to leave the puppet on a surface to be able to do the action of buying, selling, paying, counting...

Teaching guide

Level: Initial Primary Cycle
Area: Knowledge of the environment, Language and Mathematics
Disorder: Down syndrome


  • Use established language to make demands.
  • Learn to respect word turns.
  • Request, refuse and show things.
  • Develop social communicative activities (greeting, saying goodbye, etc.).
  • Get used to listening, looking at colleagues in communicative situations and showing interest.
  • Foster responsibility.
  • Practice simple mathematical operations.
  • Encourage independence for everyday activities. 


  • Extension and improvement of vocabulary and oral expression.
  • Representation through puppets.
  • Performing mathematical operations with mental calculation: addition and subtraction
  • Reinforcement of the sense of responsibility
  • Positive participation in the activity.
  • Respect for the material used.
  • Personal improvement to strengthen individual confidence and security.


Explanation of the story "En Pau va al mercat" supported by puppets by the teacher.
The story is represented by three puppets where each serves to stage the proposed objectives. The seller puppet, asks questions and forces the buyer puppet to use denials, assertions and demands; the buyer puppet answers questions and uses language to make demands,…


The teacher tells the story with puppets.

Once the story has been told, the student acts it out by manipulating the puppets together with the teacher.

After this individual work with the student, the activity is repeated with the whole class. Each student takes on the role of a puppet, bearing in mind that in each session the role taken on must vary, that is to say, rotating turns will be used.

Once you have worked individually with the student with special educational needs, it is important to carry out the activities with the rest of the class as well, as this helps to boost their self-esteem and strengthen their security. 


The sessions will last one hour, once a week for a term. All sessions with the students will have the same timing and situation in order to create a routine habit.  

By means of an observation grid.  


    1. Puppets: Mother, Son, Shopkeeper.
    2. Market stall elements: products and offers.
    3. Coin purse and bill wallet.
    4. Laminated explanation of the assembly of the market stall.
    5. Plasticized explanation of the story.
    6. Shopping basket.
    7. Didactic Guide
    8. Evaluation grid.
    9. Box to store the puppets and which also serves as a stall.

Evaluation grid


Level: Initial Primary Cycle
Area: Knowledge of the environment and Mathematics

Disorder: Down syndrome

A (achieved)
NA (not reached)
EP (in progress)
Use the established language to make demands         
Respect speaking turns         
ask for things         
reject things         
show things         
Say hello and say goodbye         
Get used to listening         
Look at colleagues in communicative situations and show interest         
Be responsible for assignments and material         
Adding with one and two digits (mental arithmetic)         
Subtracting with one and two digits (mental arithmetic)         

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